Some time ago comes blaring the message, “Bees are dying.” Not to believe, the causes being investigated are varied, although recent studies point to a deadly virus carried by a mite that attacks the hives. The bees (Aphis mellifera) are responsible for more than 75% of the World Pollination and thanks to them we can provide about 35% of our diet. The properties of its products reach an incalculable benefit to the environment and especially to humans. Today we can say with certainty that our greatest allies are in deep trouble.
They called phenomenon of collapse Hives (CCD). In 2000 he launched the alert. The natural population of wild bees in USA was decreasing by the year 2006 and had studies that guaranteed the sudden death in different countries of Europe and others such as Canada. Although the phenomenon is reported since 1972 that it was not until the launch date of the alert.
What are the symptoms?
Abandonment of the workers of the hive before the emergence of new bee
-presence of excess stored food (pollen and honey)
- Failure of workers to keep the hive
-presence of the queen bee (If it is not considered CCD)
What should be the disappearance of the bees?
Several diseases such as Varroa , Pesticides , Environmental Impact , Beekeeping Immigration, Transgenic and even Cell Waves are attributed to the problem, although the last two there is no verifiable scientific argument yet. Recent studies reveal that the Varroa (a mite parasite) would be the prime suspect for the problem in Latin America. Propagator would be a Virus called DMW which causes a deformity in the wing of the bee. The mite feeds on the Hemolymph or blood of the bee. These studies were conducted in Hawaii, where the mites were not of problem before, discovering the mite impressively increases from 10 to 100% incidence of the virus, in addition to this competition eliminated by other viruses of lesser significance making it a very aggressive pest.